Survey Looks at COVID-19 Impact on Various Workforce Sectors

Plan is to repeat the survey on a regular basis in order to develop potential trends and gain additional insights about how the pandemic is affecting companies

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We’re now six months into what can best be described as a “COVID state of being,” and it’s nearly impossible to overstate the fatigue that has set in as far as analyzing numbers and data and trying to be prepared for whatever comes next.

At the Association of Equipment Manufacturers, we continue to look to how we can help provide clarity or support to the needs of our members in these trying times. As part of this, we are working with our partners to pull together industry-wide data through surveys that will give us industry insights and may help determine the speed of industry recovery as companies look to bring back their furloughed and laid off workforce. This will help us establish the voice of the customer and determine if it’s louder or different by demographic or industry segment. This voice will, hopefully, help us determine the speed of industry recovery related to COVID-19.

Early findings

Our initial survey asked questions related to workforce furloughs and layoffs, outlook and timeline for bringing back workforce, and potential ways companies plan to reestablish their competitive advantage. Respondents included all industry segments and were predominantly contractors or material producers in the United States.

Across all industries surveyed, 74% of companies furloughed none of their workforce, while another 13% furloughed less than 10%. Sixty percent of companies laid off none of their workforce, and another 23% laid off less than 10%. These numbers are surprising, as we had all heard about the rising unemployment numbers and stagnant economy. We anticipated a much higher percentage of furloughed and laid off workforce.

We asked questions specific to both furloughed and laid off workforce as a means to help determine outlook across industries. The primary business segments were heavy construction, government/municipality, non-residential construction, dealers/distributor/rental, and utility. By industry, the heavy construction and utility industries remain somewhat positive with 79% of companies furloughing none of their workforce. Of those who have furloughed employees, more than half are bringing less than 25% back within the next 30 days, while 28% are expecting to bring almost all of their furloughed workforce back at some point in time. Within the next 90 days, half of respondents are expecting to return more than 75% of furloughed workers to their jobs.

Industry at a glance

By industry, 96% of companies in heavy construction and 93% in utility laid off less than 10% of their workforce, which is again a much higher percentage than we anticipated. Of companies with fewer than 100 employees, 80% did not lay off anyone, compared to 50% of companies with fewer than 1,000 employees. In general, contractors, large or small, have laid off less than 10% of their workforce.

Comparing furloughed workforce to laid-off workforce, more employees were furloughed than laid off in the heavy construction and utility industries, while the agriculture industry laid off more workforce than they furloughed, same as the non-residential construction and service industries (which makes sense given the current uncertainty in those markets).

Of those who have laid off employees, more than half are not expecting to bring their employees back within 90 days. Of those laid off, a significant amount of positions will remain unfilled for the near future. We will continue to keep an eye on what happens moving forward, as companies and industries are having to do their work with fewer people.

What’s next

The survey will be repeated on a fairly regular basis in order to develop potential trends and gain additional insights. We are also expanding it to include some Canadian publications and associations to show a broader voice.

About the author: Megan Tanel is AEM’s Senior Vice President of Construction and Utility Sector. AEM is the North American-based international trade group representing off-road equipment manufacturers and suppliers, with more than 950 companies and 200-plus product lines in the agriculture and construction-related sectors worldwide. AEM has an ownership stake in and manages several world-class exhibitions, including CONEXPO-CON/AGG.


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